In the Vedanta, there is reference to various gods and goddesses to facilitate easier understanding of the unmanifest energy form and their functions. The concept of the unmanifest can be a huge challenge for the most educated human being today, let alone when the first Vedantic scripture was written in 5th century CE. Vedanta is a philosophy taught by the Vedas, the most ancient scriptures of India. Its basic teaching is that our real nature is divine. God, the underlying reality, exists in every being. Reference to hindu gods is not an attempt to promote hindu religion. I am a spiritualist and appreciate the spirit of the word from every religious scripture when seen from a perspective of establishing a commonality between all religions.

To understand who is Mahadev one has to understand the journey of his life.

Mahadev is aardnarnareshwar – which means he is half Purusha (Male) and half Prakriti (Female),he is a personification of balance. Prakriti is the left and side of the body where the heart is and thus is the seat of emotions. Purusha is the Creator and Prakriti is the energy that creates. So, you see they are both complimentary to each other and when they are in-sync they create effortlessly. Every woman can harness the powers of  Prakriti and every man can harness the powers of Purusha.

Please note this is a simplified essence from the Shiva Purana and a lot of details have been deliberately omitted to stay essential and concise.

The Primordial form of Mahadev is RUDRA that is where the journey of his evolution starts.


When Mahadev is in the Rudra form both (Purusha and Prakriti) are in sync and they destroy and create unconsciously until such time  that eventually the Purusha aspect of Rudra awakens and realizes the futility of what is happening however the feminine creative energy is still craving for more. At this point Purusha decides that he has had enough and wants to rest, however if the feminine energy (the creative force) of the universe rests the universe will cease to exist. At this point Brahma intervenes and takes away the feminine energy from Rudra so that the Purusha can rest whilst the creative energy in the universe is kept going under the direction of Brahma. After the  bifurcation of Rudra happens, Purusha steps into the next stage of his evolution as AGHORI where he learns the secrets of Yoga, Mantra, Tantra and Yantra to become peaceful as SHIV. In the Aghori avatar Purusha has to consume bhaang and smokes weed from his chillum to calm his mind.


Shiv is the peaceful, dormant, resting form of Purusha on mount Kailash without his creative energy. In this form he is also referred to as Bhola Bhandari, as he is totally detached from the human life and without Prakriti he is emotionless. However, whilst Shiv is in this state of existence, Prakriti (Shakti) is supporting Brahma, Saraswati, Vishnu and Lakshmi to keep the universe going. During this phase these is a degradation of value system in human life as the fear of the Lord (Rudra) is diminished since Brahma, Saraswati, Vishnu and Lakshmi are very soft and gentle in their nature. Ma Gayatri is takes care of Shiv in the absence of Prakriti on mount Kailash. Eventually Brahma and Vishnu realize that Shiv has to take control of Prakriti his feminine energy and participate in the running of the universe to bring some sensibility and re-instate dharma. In this phase as Shiv (Bhola Bhandari) Purusha gives boon to anyone without thinking of the implications which he has to correct eventually. During this phase Daksha the son of Brahma is in charge of organizing the world however he is arrogant, emotionless and completely process orientated (Karma Kaandi) and has no regard for human values like love and compassion. Shiv has his followers who are in Bhakti (unconditional surrender to him) knowing that he is the Primordial Man who is the destroyer, the stage before re-creating. The situation in the human world deteriorates to such an extent that finally Brahma and Vishnu approach Shiv to accept Prakriti, however Shiv being emotion less and in a state of samadhi is reluctant to accept Prakriti as he fears that the reunion will revert him back to his RUDRA form. However Brahma and Vishnu along with other gods conspire to unite Prakriti with Shiv. This reunion of Shiv and Prakriti takes him into the next stage of evolution where he is known as SHIVA. 


Shiva eventually succumbs to the requests of Brahma and Vishnu and agrees to reunite with Prakriti (Sati) , however Prakriti like Shiv has been granting boons and blessings to those undeserving humans on earth (whilst she was in her primordial form detached from Rudra) unconsciously supporting Brahma and Vishnu in the running of the universe. Shiv of course has evolved form of Rudra whilst Sati is yet to evolve. Shiv tries his best to teach Sati the dharma aspects of human living (Sati is still not beyond the body), she suffers from the pangs of ego and makes mistakes and eventually has to surrender the body to fire (her ego).Shiva is devastated looses his emotional balance , this is when Vishnu destroys the body of Sati which is fragmented in 51 parts all over earth. Eventually Shiva becomes emotionally stable and is advised by Brahma and Vishnu to ensure that the 51 parts of Sati body are brought to rest (Shanti) by him, thus offering his solace to her soul. Shiva creates temples at each of these 51 locations known as Shakti Peeths. Once he has established all the the Shakti Peetha, Sati’s fragmented soul comes together and is released. Shiva  becomes Mahadev. The Spirit of Sati is then re-unified to re-incarnate as Parvati in a much more stable form to move towards realization of her true nature as Prakriti.


Mahadev unites with Parvati (reincarnated Sati) and he then bestows the knowledge and wisdom that he has acquired as AGHORI, SHIV, SHIVA to help Parvati become realized. Mahadev once again become complete as  aardnarnareshwar – which means Purusha (Male) and Prakriti (Female) unite – in a balanced and realized state of being. Parvati having acquired this knowledge and wisdom from Mahadev is tasked by the Tridev to destroy all that has gone wrong whilst the Purusha and Prakriti were separated. They work together in sync to re-establish Dharma in the human society.


Can this be used as a reflection of our individual evolution towards being a balance human being?

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